A "Pit" what???
A Pit Greenhouse utilizes nature’s resources to provide a warm, stable, well lit environment for year round vegetable production. Locating the growing area 6’- 8’ underground and capturing and storing daytime solar radiation are the most important principles in building a successful pit greenhouse.
A greenhouse can be built by digging a hole in the ground and covering it with glass. This takes advantage of the heat stored in the earth during the cold season (warmth in winter, cooling in summer). At the depth of a couple of meters, there is very little seasonal variation in temperature. The earth around the greenhouse structure has large thermal mass.
One of the main principles involves embedding the greenhouse in the earth to take advantage of the earth's constant temperature, to store the solar energy collected during the day.
The solar gain comes through a light-permeable material such as plastic, Visqueen, polycarbinate. The angle of the panels is designed to be 90-degrees to the Winter Soltace sun (Dec. 21 / June 21, depending on hemisphere). The upper portion of the walls are insulated down past the frost line.
~ Taken from Benson Agriculture and Food Institute Publication
This is our "completed" structure
A Pit Greenhouse ... sometimes called a Walipini, underground greenhouse, subterranean greenhouse, solar or passive solar greenhouse ...
After a great deal of research, the GesundheitsVerein decided that this would be our best option for year round operation.. We had the property and an existing house where we would attach the "pit". The area faced south for the best sun penetration and the water table was several meters down so no worry about flooding. The soil is extremely gravelly and has excellent drainage ... and as we found out during construction of the greenhouse it was a lot like concrete ... lol!
The solar "pit" greenhouse is completed, although we will always be tweaking it ... this earth friendly structure will allow us to grow crops using experimental means like vertical and container gardening all year long in the cold climate of Austria.
We began the middle of September 2013 and as anyone who has undertaken a project of any magnitude, you will know that it is taking longer than expected! Constructed by the members and working many long hours we finally were able to say that the first week of January 2014 we were "closed in"! Of course, there was still more to do ... that only means that we were protected from the outside elements ...
Follow along and watch as we complete this incredible project ... we began sprouting seedlings in January 2014 and during the early spring our plants growth began to explode!